Peripheral Arterial Disease
Offering comprehensive Peripheral Arterial Disease treatment in Fair Lawn, NJ
Peripheral Arterial Disease affects approximately 8.5 million Americans. PAD is a common, but serious disease.
When extra cholesterol and other fats circulating in the blood collect in the walls of the arteries that supply blood to your limbs, built-up plaque forms. This can narrow arteries and reduce or block blood flow. Typically, we see PAD in the legs, but PAD can strike in any artery. Innovations in minimally invasive surgery by interventional radiologists to treat more serious forms of this disease can provide significantly improved outcomes to halt or slow its progress.
Symptoms of PAD can range from mild to serious and include:
- A slower walking pace
- Cramping in calves and thighs when walking
- Non-healing sores on legs, feet or toes
- Cramping of legs while lying down which improves when standing (rest pain)
- Purple/Red discolouring
- Legs that tire easily when walking requiring frequent resting
- Painful extremities
Minimally invasive surgical treatment for Peripheral Arterial Disease
PAD can be treated by lifestyle changes and medication. However, sometimes, surgical intervention by highly skilled interventional radiologists or cardiologists using minimally invasive procedures such as angioplasty and stenting, is used to successfully treat advanced forms of this disease.
As minimally invasive procedures, angioplasty and stenting are generally low risk procedures that result in significantly improved outcomes. In addition, these procedures are performed in an outpatient setting, require mild sedation and permit patients to return to their daily routines quickly with an improved quality of life.
Performed as a minimally invasive procedure by an interventional radiologist, angioplasty helps to restore blood flow through a narrowed or blocked artery. The procedure is performed in a dedicated vascular x-ray imaging suite so that the radiologist can view the placement of specialized instruments.
During the procedure, the patient is mildly sedated and a small incision is made. Using x-ray guidance the interventional radiologist inserts a catheter with a special balloon at the tip directly into the blocked artery. The catheter is then maneuvered through the artery to where the blockage is located. Once it is properly positioned, the balloon is inflated to compress the plaque outward against the artery wall and widen it resulting in restored blood flow.
Occasionally, during an angioplastic procedure, the interventional radiologist may determine that a stent is needed to help keep the artery open after the procedure. The stent, a small mesh tube, is placed directly into the artery through the catheter and, once properly placed, exerts an outward pressure on the walls of the artery where the plaque was compressed by the balloon catheter. The stent helps to keep the artery open after the procedure is finished. In certain situations, stents that are coated with medication may be used to help prevent future blockages.
Treating PAD in New Jersey
Heart and Vascular Associates of Northern Jersey is here to help test and diagnose PAD. We offer these services in tandem with our hospital partners. Call (201) 475-5050 today.